Your employment may be terminated with or without just cause.

Just Cause Termination in Alberta

If you have been the victim of an unfair “just cause” termination in Red Deer, you may have legal grounds to appeal your dismissal and be compensated for your losses.

The experienced employment lawyers at Taylor Janis can assess your case and advise you whether it is best to pursue legal action.

Firstly, it will help to understand more about what just cause termination means and the legal avenues you may be able to take.

WHAT IS JUST CAUSE FOR TERMINATION IN ALBERTA?

Just cause termination is considered one of the harshest ways to be dismissed by an employer.

Under Canadian law, an employer can legally apply just cause termination in the event of:

“serious employee misconduct during the employment relationship that strikes at the very root of the employment contract such that it can be said that the employment contract cannot continue or be repaired.”

Under these circumstances, an employer can dismiss an employee immediately without any requirement to provide:

  • Warnings
  • Reasonable notice
  • Severance pay
  • Pay in lieu of notice

FAIR REASONS FOR JUST CAUSE FOR DISMISSAL

Examples of legitimate reasons for just cause termination include the following actions by an employee:

  • Theft
  • Another crime such as assault or sexual assault
  • Willful refusal to follow a direction from the employer
  • Insubordination
  • Incompetence
  • Transgressing company policy

However, some “just cause” actions are easier for an employer to prove than others.

If an employer considers employee actions to be unacceptable, it does not necessarily mean that they have just cause to terminate.

For instance, insubordination is difficult to prove, as is incompetence. A single case is rarely enough to justify termination and written warnings must be provided by the employer.

Employee misconduct must cause the employment contract to be damaged irreparably and the employer must be able to prove this.

This can create considerable legal complexities in such cases.

If an employer asserts just cause when they fire you, this is not acceptable if you have been intimidated, for instance.

In all cases, it is best to document what happened and speak to an employment lawyer if you feel that you have been harshly treated by your employer.

CAN YOU FIRE SOMEONE WITHOUT JUST CAUSE IN ALBERTA?

The “just cause” laws are very clearly defined in Alberta.

Unless an employer can prove that an employee meets the grounds for termination, you cannot legally be fired under that law.

However, an employer may still be able to fire you under different conditions and without cause.

Under the Alberta Employment Standards Act, employers can terminate without cause as long as they:

  • Provide written notice; or
  • Pay a severance (this is a payment made when an employee is unwillingly terminated from their employment)

Providing that the employer documents warnings and notices, and follows the termination laws as detailed in the Employment Act, an employee can be fired without cause.

If not, then you may have legal grounds to claim wrongful dismissal against your employer.

IS SEVERANCE PAY MANDATORY IN ALBERTA?

No.

If you are fired with just cause, your employer is not required to pay you severance.

However, in cases of termination without cause, when an employee is fired immediately (without notice) the employee is entitled to the following severance amounts:

  • One week’s pay (after three consecutive months of employment)
  • Two weeks’ pay (after 12 consecutive months of employment)
  • Three week’s pay (after three years of consecutive employment plus a week’s pay for each additional year to a maximum of eight weeks)

PROVING JUST CAUSE TERMINATION IN ALBERTA

Remember, the burden of proof for just cause lies firmly with your employer.

They must have evidence and supporting documentation to support their decision.

From our experience, many employers fail to provide an adequate warning before termination and also fail to document adequately.

Many employers are too hasty with claiming just cause and, in many cases, apply the employment law incorrectly.

This means you may be able to sue for wrongful dismissal.

DOES YOUR EMPLOYER BENEFIT FROM A JUST CAUSE TERMINATION?

If an employer has good grounds for just cause termination, they will benefit financially by following that course of action.

It means that they do not have to offer a severance package to the employee.

However, if errors are made with just cause and the employee decides to pursue a claim for wrongful dismissal, the process can be expensive and time-consuming for an employer.

In most cases, if just cause is not easy to prove, it may be better for an employer to provide notice or a severance package that includes assistance with finding alternative employment for an employee who has been with the company for three consecutive months or more.

FOR VICTIMS OF UNFAIR JUST CAUSE TERMINATION

If you have been terminated by an employer who has claimed “just cause” and you feel it is unfair, you may be able to sue for wrongful dismissal.

If this can be proven, you might be entitled to lost wages and other compensation in addition to those detailed in the Alberta Employment Standards Act.

Contact the Taylor Janis employment lawyer team by phone or Skype.

A Taylor Janis employment lawyer can advise you during a confidential 30-minute telephone or video consultation about your just cause rights & claim.

We can advise you on what your options are for taking legal action against your employer.

Call us now to book a time: 604-423-2646.

FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TERMINATION WITH JUST CAUSE

Our Just Cause Primer introduces key concepts and examples related to just cause terminations in Red Deer. Follow the links below or download a PDF copy to learn more.

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Canmore, Alberta T1W 1P4
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Red Deer, Alberta T4N 1X4
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